Cesarean delivery or C-section is a surgery done to deliver the baby by surgical procedure. During the surgery the obstetrician makes a cut through your belly and uterus (womb) to take the baby out of the uterus. It's the commonest major surgery now-a-days that is done in women. Cesarean delivery or C-section can be an elective or unplanned surgery.
Elective cesarean: This is done as a planned procedure before the labor begins. Many women now-a-days opt for it to avoid pain and discomfort of labour.
Emergency cesarean: It is not planned before labor begins and is done if the doctor thinks that the labour is not progressing well or there is a risk of complication for the mother or the baby due to vaginal delivery. However only a few unplanned cases are genuine emergencies. In most unplanned cesareans there is enough time for you, your partner/spouse, and the maternity staff to prepare well for the operation.
If the cesarean is done in real emergency, the time from incision to delivery is very less (about 2-5 minutes). If it is done as a non-emergency procedure a cesarean birth can take 10 to 15 minutes from start of the surgery. After the delivery about 45 minutes are needed for delivery of the placenta and suture the incisions (in the uterus and skin).
There are many reasons for which you may need a cesarean section. Some of the common reasons for which C-section may be done are done in following conditions:
After C-section delivery you will have to stay in the hospital for about 3 to 4 days. The time needed to recover after C-section is longer than it takes after a vaginal delivery. It takes about 4 weeks for the surgical incision to heal, and you may continue to have occasional pains in the area in the first year after the surgery. If you're pregnant, discuss with your doctor to know what to expect during a C-section. This can help you to prepare in case it is needed as an emergency procedure.
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