What is Bruxism?

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Jul 11, 2014

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Quick Bites

  • Grinding or clenching of teeth is known as bruxism.
  • Loud grinding, headache, and toothache are its symptoms.
  • Stress and anxiety can lead to the condition.
  • Usage of tobacco or alcohol can put a person on the risk.

What is Bruxism?

A condition in which a person grinds or clenches their teeth is known as bruxism. If a person suffers from the condition, they may clench their teeth unknowingly during day time or grind them during night time. The night time grinding is known as sleep bruxism.

The condition may not be serious and there may be no treatment required. But, if the frequency of teeth clenching increases and leads to jaw related troubles, headaches, and other teeth problems then there are increased chances of developing complications.

Bruxism Defined

What are the Symptoms of Bruxism?

It is very necessary to recognize the signs and symptoms of bruxism at an early age in order to avoid any complications. The symptoms may include:

  • Loud teeth grinding
  • Teeth are broken or fractured
  • Damaged tooth enamel
  • Increased sensitivity of the tooth
  • Pain injaw
  • Tired jaw muscles
  • Earache
  • Headache
  • Facial pain

Bruxism Defined


What are the Causes of Bruxism?

The causes of bruxism have not been established properly. However, the probable physical or psychological causes may include:

  • Stress and anxiety
  • Anger or frustration
  • Aggressiveness
  • Alignment problems between upper and lower teeth
  • Sleep problems
  • Earache or teething
  • A side-effect of psychiatric medications


Risk Factors

The factors which can put a person on the risk of bruxism include:

Stress: When person suffers from extreme anxiety and stress, they may end up grinding their teeth in anger and frustration.

Age: Young children are at a higher risk of the condition. However, the condition usually goes away with the advent of adolescence.

Tobacco: Usage of substances like tobacco, alcohol, and drugs like ecstasy can also put a person at the risk of bruxism.

Image courtesy: Getty Images

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