Amblyopia or Lazy eye is a condition in which either of the eyes does not acknowledge the images it sees. During the condition the brain does not receive images as it should be resulting in vision impairment and loss of depth perception. The affected may wander in different directions but may not look any different from the normal eye. Lazy eye mainly affects only one but in certain situations it can affect both eyes.
The condition is more common in children but it can happen to anyone. According to recent study 3 percent of children under age of 6 experience some form of this condition. Lazy eye is often confused with another condition which is known as strabismus in which the eyes are either crossed or turned. However, this condition can lead to lazy eye if uncrossed is used more than the crossed eye.
People under forty years age often experience loss of vision due to the lazy eye than any other injuries or diseases combines. If the lazy eye left untreated, it could result in temporary or permanent damage to the vision including loss of depth perception.
Amblyopia is related to the developmental problems associated with the brain. The condition causes affects the nerve pathways in the brain hindering the sight. It occurs when the use of one eye is different from the other. You may have to rely disproportionally on one eye as the result of one of the below giving factors:
• constant turning of one eye
• different levels of vision in each eye
• damage to an eye from trauma
• drooping of one eyelid
• deficiency of vitamin A
• a corneal ulcer or scar
• eye surgery
• vision impairment
The condition may be hard to detect until it becomes severe. Some of the common early warning signs include:
• a tendency to bump into objects on one side
• an eye that wanders inward or outward
• eyes that appear not to work together
• poor depth perception
• double vision
The most effective way to treat lazy eye is to treat the underlying eye conditions. Early treatment measures are simple and may include eyeglasses, eye drops, vision therapy, and eye patches. The earlier a child gets treatment, the better the outcome. However, recovery is still possible in cases that are diagnosed when children are older.
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