The laparoscopic sleeve Gastrectomy procedure (also called vertical Gastrectomy, Greater Curvature Gastrectomy, Parietal Gastrectomy, Gastric Reduction and even Vertical Gastroplasty) is relatively a newcomer to the field of obesity surgery but is emerging as a procedure that is becoming increasingly popular worldwide. It is suitable produce for those who are classed under severely obese.
It causes weight loss by restricting the amount of food that can be eaten without any bypass of the intestines or malabsorption. This is a procedure in which the stomach is stapled together to form a slim tube or a sleeve approximately the same diameter of the oesophagus and the duodenum. The part of the stomach along the medial (lesser) curvature, which is in continuity with the food pipe (esophagus), is retained as the tube and the part outside the tube, which is the greater curvature of the stomach and the fundus is removed. It reduces the stomach to 20% of its original capacity. The holding capacity of the stomach is thereby drastically reduced.
The food intake is restricted but is absorbed normally. Hence the patient does not have to rely on daily supplementation.
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