Waardenburg Syndrome - Get information and read articles on Waardenburg Syndrome sign, symptoms, causes, treatment, prevention and diagnosis at onlymyhealth.com, your complete health guide.
Types I and II are the most common forms of Waardenburg syndrome, while types III and IV are rare. About 1 in 30 students in schools for the deaf have Waardenburg syndrome.
Mutations in the EDN3, EDNRB, MITF, PAX3, SNAI2, and SOX10 genes cause Waardenburg syndrome. Most people with this syndrome have an affected parent and only a small percentage of cases detect new mutations in the gene.
Waardenburg syndrome is a genetic disorder that has features such as distinctive facial abnormalities. As a genetic disorder, it is passed down from parent to child much like hair color, blood type, or other physical traits.
Waardenburg syndrome is usually inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern, which means one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder.