Uterine Cancer: When should one Seek Medical Advice?

By  , Expert Content
Feb 20, 2012

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Endometrial cancer is the most common cancer of the female reproductive organs. The exact cause of this cancer is not known. The cancer is hard to prevent and there are no screening tests to diagnose the cancer in early stages. Similar to other types of cancer, its prognosis is good when the cancer is treated in early stages. Consult your doctor if have any/all of the following symptoms suggestive of some type of severe medical problem:


  • Intermittent vaginal bleeding or discharge not related to your periods (menstruation).
  • Prolonged or heavy periods.
  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause (post-menopausal bleeding).
  • Difficult or painful urination.
  • Painful intercourse.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Mass in the pelvic area.
  • Significant weight loss.


If you have any of the above symptoms or signs suggestive of endometrial cancer consult a gynaecologist (a doctor who treats diseases of the female reproductive system). These symptoms do not definitely mean that you have endometrial cancer. Several other medical problems (such as vaginal infections, uterine fibroids or uterine polyps) can cause these symptoms. Your doctor will examine you and do tests to confirm the cause of your symptoms. If your examination and test shows presence of endometrial cancer you will be referred to a gynaecologic oncologist (a doctor who specializes in treatment of cancers of the female reproductive system  including the uterus, ovaries, cervix, or vagina).


Follow up after diagnosis and treatment of endometrial cancer



If you have been diagnosed and treated for uterine cancer, it is important to have regular follow-up examinations after treatment is over. This helps in earlier diagnosis of recurrence in case the cancer comes back. Regular follow-up care also gives you a chance to discuss any other changes in health. In between follow-up appointments, consult your doctor for any health problems in case they appear. During follow-ups, your doctor may do a pelvic exam, a chest x-ray, and other laboratory tests as required.


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