This is commonest type of hypertension. About 95 percent of people with high blood pressure have essential or primary hypertension. It is called essential, or primary, hypertension as the cause of their hypertension is unknown. Most people with this type of hypertension are diagnosed on a regular or routine check up when the doctor notices that their blood pressure is high. If your doctor finds that your blood pressure is elevated on three or more visits and there is no other cause of hypertension you are diagnosed with essential or primary hypertension.
Most people with essential hypertension have no symptoms. Some people with essential hypertension may experience frequent headaches, tiredness, dizziness, or nose bleeds.
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