The term mental disorder (mental illness) indicates a disease or condition which affects the brain in such a way that the way a person thinks, feels, behaves and/or relates to others and to his or her surroundings, gets disturbed. There are different kinds of mental disorders. Listed below are some common mental disorders that can affect people.
Mood disorders: The term indicates affective disorders or depressive disorders. In people with mood disorder there are disturbances or mood changes which can cause either mania (elation) or depression (feeling low). According to experts, most people with depressive disorder improve significantly with treatment. Major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder are the commonest forms of mood disorders.
Anxiety disorders: This is the commonest group of mental illnesses. In this disorder, the affected person has a severe fear of or anxiety for certain objects or situations which can lead to avoidance behaviour for whatever triggers their anxiety. Some examples of anxiety disorders are:
Schizophrenia: It is a chronic, severe and disabling brain disease. The common age of schizophrenia onset is between 15 and 25 years of age. It is a highly complex illness. The patient’s thoughts seem fragmented and they experience difficulty in processing information. The disorder can cause negative such as withdrawal, lack of motivation and a flat or inappropriate mood or positive symptoms (such as delusions, thought disorders and hallucinations) in the person.
Most of the mental disorders are treatable and complete recovery is possible. But for this, appropriate treatment is important. Hence, if you think you or someone close to you has symptoms suggestive of any mental disorder consult a doctor. Don’t ignore the symptoms.
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