There is no drug, which can kill the polio virus but the infection can be prevented by vaccination. Infection with polio virus can cause subclinical infections, non-paralytic and paralytic polio. Treatment aims to provide relief from symptoms as the body fights the poliovirus. This type of treatment is called supportive care.
Supportive care for treatment of polio includes:
Most people with subclinical infections and nonparalytic polio improve in 2-10 days. During supportive care, the patient is monitored for progression to paralytic polio.
Treatment for paralytic polio
Patients with paralytic polio are monitored closely for signs and symptoms of respiratory failure: a life-threatening complication of polio. Supportive care for paralytic polio includes pain killer medications to reduce headache, muscle pain and spasms; moist heat (heating pads, warm towels) to reduce muscle pain and spasms; fluids and nutritious diet. Narcotic analgesics are usually not prescribed as they increase the risk of breathing problems and complications.
Treatment of paralytic poliomyelitis besides supportive care includes:
Your child needs oral polio vaccine (OPV) as well as inactivated polio vaccines (IPVs) to save the lives of children and prevent them from disability.read more
Across the globe, 24th October is observed as World Polio Day.read more