Treatment of Gonorrhea

By  , Expert Content
Sep 20, 2011

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Gonorrhoea is a common sexually transmitted disease, which is treated with antibiotics. Until a few years ago, treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhoea was easy. A single injection of penicillin was considered as the treatment of choice as it cured almost every infected person. However, the emergence of drug resistant strains of gonorrhoea (to various antibiotics, including penicillin) has complicated the treatment.


Treatment options for Gonorrhoea


Antibiotics for treatment of Gonorrhoea: Some of the commonly prescribed oral or injectable antibiotics for treatment of gonorrhoea include:


  • Penicillin.
  • Cefixime.
  • Ceftriaxone.
  • Ciprofloxacin.
  • Ofloxacin.
  • Levofloxacin.


You will be prescribed a single dose of any one of the above antibiotics for the treatment of gonorrhoea. Use of antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin and levofloxacin is not recommended for pregnant women and people younger than 18 years of age. In the past, treatment was simple but with the emergence of drug-resistant strains of gonorrhoea around the world, treatment has become challenging. Your doctor, after examination and tests can decide on the best and safest antibiotic for you.


Gonorrhoea and chlamydia infections: Many people with gonorrhoea have another sexually transmitted disease chlamydia at the same time. Hence, your doctor may prescribe a combination of antibiotics, such as ceftriaxone and doxycycline, or azithromycin, so that both the infections can be treated simultaneously.


Some points to remember regarding gonorrhoea treatment


  • Take all your medications as recommended by your doctor to cure gonorrhoea.
  • Antibiotics cure the infection but any permanent damage that is caused by the infection such as damage of the fallopian tubes in women and scarring inside the urethra in men is not repaired with antibiotic treatment.
  • If you have gonorrhoea, inform your sexual partners. They should get tested for gonorrhoea even if they do not have any symptoms.
  • People with gonorrhoea should not have sex until they (including the partner) are treated and cured.
  • You can get re-infected after successful treatment if you have sexual contact with a person who is infected.
  • If your symptoms recur or persist after treatment, consult your doctor to confirm the diagnosis and for treatment.


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