A tear occurring in the lining of lower rectum, i.e. the anal canal, is known as anal fissure. This tear gives birth to pain during bowel movement.
Despite the severe trouble, anal fissures do not grow worse with time and most of them can be easily treated at home within a few days or weeks. These are called short-term or acute anal fissures. When a person suffers from anal fissures that do not heal even after 8-12 weeks, it is considered to be long-term or chronic fissure. In this case, a person may be required to undergo treatment.
Anal fissures can affect people of all age groups, however, young people can be at a higher risk.
To eliminate a problem, it is important to understand its root cause. Anal fissures are caused as a result of an injury or a trauma to the anal canal. Such injuries can take place when:
Anal fissures can also be caused during a rectal exam, anal intercourse or while inserting a foreign object. In some cases, anal fissures are also caused by Crohn’s disease. It has been believed by many experts that when extra exertion is created in the two muscular rings which control the anus, fissures develops. The outer anus ring is under your control while the inner ring is not. The muscle is under a constant pressure and when this pressure increases it can lead to spasm and a decreased flow of blood to the anus causing fissure. This pressure is also responsible for preventing fissure from healing.
Anal fissures can be diagnosed by a physical exam and by examining the symptoms. The examination includes:
Depending on the duration of fissures, the treatment can be determined. If you are suffering from short-term anal fissures home treatment can relieve the symptoms in 4 to 6 weeks. The pain caused by bowel movement usually fades away within few days of starting the home treatment.
Here are several steps to relive the pain and heal fissures:
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