There is no cure for Down’s syndrome and it cannot be prevented. It is a genetic disorder which occurs due to the presence of an extra chromosome 21. But certain tests done during pregnancy can detect whether the unborn baby is likely to have Down’s syndrome.
Antenatal screening and diagnostic tests
Experts recommend that all pregnant women, no matter what their age, should be advised to have screening for genetic conditions such as Down’s syndrome. Screening can help to identify whether the baby is likely to have Down’s syndrome. But screening tests are not 100% accurate. If antenatal screening indicates that your baby is at risk of Down’s syndrome (or any other condition), your doctor will do certain other tests to confirm whether or not your baby has the condition. Some tests which are done include:
If testing during pregnancy is positive for Down’s syndrome (confirms that the baby has Down’s syndrome), you can discuss with your doctor about the implications of having a child with the disease. This can help you to make an informed decision about whether to terminate or proceed with the pregnancy.
Care of child with Down’s syndrome
If you know that you are likely to have a child with Down’s syndrome, you can prepare for providing special care for the baby’s needs by:
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