Cirrhosis is a serious and fatal disorder. There is no cure for cirrhosis as the liver damage-that has occurred already-cannot be reversed. Fortunately, cirrhosis can be prevented in most cases by avoiding risk factors for cirrhosis (such as excessive alcohol intake) and taking precautions (such as getting vaccinated.
Limit alcohol intake: Excess alcohol intake is a major cause of cirrhosis. Therefore, the best way to prevent cirrhosis because of alcohol is to keep alcohol intake within the recommended limits of consumption. The recommended limit of alcohol consumption for men and women are as follows:
If you have been diagnosed with cirrhosis, stop alcohol intake immediately. Research has shown that alcohol consumption speeds up the rate of liver damage regardless of the cause of cirrhosis.
Protect yourself from hepatitis
Infection with hepatitis B and C virus can cause chronic liver disease and cirrhosis.
Hepatitis B vaccine: Chronic infection of the liver with hepatitis B virus is a common cause of liver damage, cirrhosis and other complications, such as liver cancer, liver failure and death. Infection with hepatitis B virus can be prevented by getting vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine. Vaccines are drugs that help to prevent one from getting sick. All adults and children should be vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine. Three shots of the vaccine are needed for complete protection. The shots are given over a period of several months. The first dose can be given to a newborn as well (as there is no minimum age for vaccination). The second shot is given 1-2 months after the first and the third shot is given at least 2 months after the second shot, but no sooner than 4 months after the first. Hepatitis B vaccine can be given even to pregnant women. Homosexual men (i.e. men who have sex with men) should get vaccinated for both hepatitis A and hepatitis B.
Other ways to protect viral hepatitis B and C infection include:
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