Indigestion or dyspepsia is one of the most common problems of the bowel (intestines). The stomach produces a strong acid which helps in digesting the food and protects against infection. There is a layer of mucus in your stomach, oesophagus and bowel which acts as a barrier or protection against this acid. Any damage to the mucous layer can cause your stomach acid to irritate the tissues underneath and lead to indigestion or dyspepsia. However, most who are people affected by it ignore the symptoms and do not seek medical attention. Here are some things to know about indigestion.
Symptoms of Indigestion: You have indigestion if the acid formed in your stomach flows back up your oesophagus (this pipe that connects the mouth to your stomach) or when the stomach is irritated or inflamed. Indigestion most commonly occurs after meals, but it can also occur at any time. People with indigestion may have the following symptoms:
Lifestyle triggers: Several lifestyle factors can trigger symptoms of indigestion. Some of the trigger factors are:
Self-help: Self-help measures which can reduce symptoms of indigestion include:
Medicines: If self-help measures do not improve your symptoms or your symptoms are very severe, you may need medications. Different types of medications are available for the treatment of indigestion or dyspepsia.
When to consult a doctor for indigestion: Consult your doctor for symptoms of indigestion if:
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