The inability to produce an adequate quantity of insulin to regulate blood sugar levels leads to the development and occurrence of diabetes mellitus or sugar diabetes among cats, which is commonly referred to as feline diabetes. The beta cells in the pancreas of such cats become incapable of producing insulin, which implies that these cats are unable to utilise the sugar or glucose in their blood stream for any of their body functions while also simultaneously causing an increasing toxicity of their blood stream.
It is absolutely critical to ensure the treatment of feline diabetes otherwise the cat could suffer from loss of appetite, chronic weight loss, vomiting, depression, difficulty in breathing and in extreme cases coma and other grave problems. However, it must also be mentioned that typically, if treated at an early stage, feline diabetes is an easily manageable condition. There are different types of diabetes, some requiring a long term treatment through injection of insulin, some require a permanent treatment, but there may be diabetes that requires only a short term treatment with insulin before the cat can re-establish and maintain balance of sugar levels.
Depending on the type of diabetes and its stage, the symptoms that indicate feline diabetes vary. However, the most common symptoms include excessive thirst, urination, increased appetite, loos of weight and lethargy.
In each of these cases, it would be advisable for the caretaker of the cat to meet a certified veterinarian that can guide and direct the treatment of the cat and monitor the diabetes.
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