Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) develops rapidly and a patient can present with DKA in less than 24 hours after a precipitating factor (such as infection, injury etc). DKA mostly affects patients with type 1 diabetes, but it can affect patients with type 2 diabetes as well. Some common precipitating factors of DKA are infection, non-compliance with insulin therapy, cardiovascular disease, particularly myocardial infarction, injury and surgery.
A person with diabetic ketoacidosis may have one or more of the following symptoms:
Some signs that may be observed in a person with DKA include:
Most patients with diabetic ketoacidosis are usually present with increased thirst, increased frequency of urination, weakness and rapid breathing.
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Tests that are done to diagnose diabetic ketoacidosis include blood sugar level, ketone level, blood acidity, blood bicarbonate level.read more
Fluid replacement and insulin administration intravenously (IV) is very important in the initial treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis.read more