The blood bank where umbilical cord blood is stored for future use is called cord blood bank. There are three steps that are involved in cord blood banking
Cord blood is collected after the umbilical cord is cut with in a few minutes of birth. It is a simple, easy, safe and painless procedure. The cord is clamped after the birth and cut and the blood from it is drawn and collected in a specialized bar coded bag. The stem cels are harvested from the blood which are subsequently stored in cryo-vials at -196 degrees celsius in liquid nitrogen.
If the cord blood is donated to public cord blood banks the donated cord blood can be used for other transplant patients if needed. In family or private cord blood banks the cord blood is stored on behalf of the client for use by the client if needed. This gives the family a sense of security that if the blood is required by their child or some other family member needs a transplant, the cord blood is can be used.
There are several advantages of cord blood stem cells over the stem cells retrieved from bone marrow.
Stem cells are unlike other cell in the body (like the muscle, brain or heart cell). The muscle, brain, or heart cells in your body are specialized and they cannot repair themselves if damaged. Like after a heart attack, the cells of the heart muscle that become weak cannot be repaired and they remain damaged or injured.
The stem cells differ from other kinds of cells in the body because of their certain properties.
The general properties of all stem cells are
The stem cells are unspecialized cells and hence cannot perform any tissue specific or specialized function like the brain, liver or heart cell. But these cells can divide and give rise to form specialized cells, including heart muscle cells, blood cells, or nerve cells.
When you decide to invest for banking cord blood it is an investment for the whole family and not just the newborn. The cord blood stem cells ar...