Gradual and usually a permanent loss of kidney function over time leads to a chronic kidney disease. It is a fairly common condition with one in every ten persons being afflicted with kidney disease of some stage. Kidney problems also aggravate with increasing age. Most cases of CKD are mild to moderate. There are 5 stages of chronic kidney disease, the last one being total kidney failure. Water, wastes and toxic substances accumulate to dangerous levels and most patients require dialysis or transplantation to stay alive.
5 stages of chronic kidney disease:
The stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are based on Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR). Stage 1 has normal kidney function and stage 5 is that of total failure.
Chronic kidney disease happens over a period of time, maybe even years. People at any stage of chronic kidney disease have an increased risk of heart disease or stroke, so it is of utmost importance to detect and treat even mild CKD. It is equally vital to keep your blood pressure under control with the help of medications. Regular review of your medication is also important as certain medicines can affect the kidneys adversely.