Jaundice in newborns is a common condition that affects the liver and is marked by high levels of bilirubin in the blood cells. In most cases, the condition is perceived normal during the first few days of the newborn’s life. This is baby’s liver takes time to develop and hence there is excessive serum bilirubin in the body.
It is believed that out of every ten newborns, six experience jaundice. Nonetheless, if the condition does not resolve in a few days then it becomes a cause of concern because high levels of bilirubin in the blood cells of a child might cause deafness, cerebral palsy, neurotic complications, brain damage and even death since bilirubin tends to deposit in the brain when blood levels are very high.
A study conducted by the University of Maryland Medical Centre (UMMC) describes jaundice as an unpreventable condition that is common among newborns. The study also states that there are many types of jaundice among newborns including physiological jaundice, breastfeeding jaundice, breast milk jaundice and prematurity jaundice.
Determining jaundice through tests including blood tests, Coomb’s test, Reticulocyte count and Measurement of levels of specific types of bilirubin in newborns early is crucial to ward off its potential dangers. Thorough medical examination and tests for jaundice should be conducted before newborns leave for their home as bilirubin levels are usually highest between the first five days. Although jaundice in newborn babies is a normal condition, but in case severe jaundice is left untreated, it may lead to permanent brain damage and even death Effective tests include blood tests, Coomb’s.
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