Subscribe for daily wellness inspiration

Like onlymyhealth on Facebook!

Side-effects of kidney dialysis treatment

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Jul 21, 2015
4.8 / 5(4 Ratings)
Quick Bites

  • Low blood pressure is one of the most common side effects of haemodialysis.
  • During haemodialysis, some people experience muscle cramps.
  • Itchy skin is thought to be due to a build-up of potassium in the body.
  • Loss of libido is another side-effect of dialysis.

More

Dialysis can save lives of patients suffering from end stage renal disease (ESRD). However, this life-saving treatment may pose side-effects in case of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis.

Factors like the patient’s condition and whether or not they are following their dietary and fluid restrictions may influence the intensity of side-effects from mild to severe. If the patient follows healthcare team’s instructions carefully, they can successfully manage most of these side-effects.

Side-effects of peritoneal dialysis (PD)


Dialysis treatment

Infection

PD is a home dialysis procedure categorised into three types – continuous ambulatory dialysis (CAPD), continuous cycler-assisted peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) and nocturnal intermittent peritoneal dialysis (NIPD). All these types need a small rubber tube called a catheter to be inserted. In order to allow the dialysis solution to move into and out of the abdominal cavity, the catheter is positioned inside and outside of the body. The exchange of dialysis solution can give rise to infection.

The patient may suffer fever, nausea, vomiting and stomach pain, as symptoms of peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum, typically caused by bacterial infection either via the blood or after rupture of an abdominal organ). The dialysis solution may also look cloudy. To stop the infection from spreading further, peritonitis must be treated quickly.

Performing the procedure in a clean area should mitigate the chances of an infection. Patients may be prescribed to apply antibiotics at the catheter’s exit site.

Hernia

Another potential side-effect of PD is hernia. Insertion of the catheter can weaken abdominal wall muscles that protect internal organs and keep them in place. During an exchange, the pressure from the dialysis solution in the peritoneum can push further against muscles that are already weak. Because of this pressure, a tear could develop and organs from the abdominal cavity may emerge through the opening. The only way to treat a hernia is surgery.

Bloating and weight gain

Many patients on PD complain of bloating and weight gain. Dialysis solution sitting in the peritoneum could be causing some of this weight gain or fluid bloat. The sugar in the dialysis solution absorbed by the body can also cause weight gain. A renal dietician can teach you how to balance nutritional needs and achieve comfort.

Side-effects of haemodialysis

 

Low blood pressure

Low blood pressure is the most common side-effect of haemodialysis. It occurs when excessive fluid is removed from blood during the procedure. The blood pressure drops, causing nausea and dizziness. You must inform your dialysis team if you experience any such symptoms. Do not take medications for high blood pressure before treatment unless your doctor has prescribed it that way.

Cramps

Patients undergoing haemodialysis may sometimes suffer muscle cramps when the fluid is taken out of the body at a fast rate or if too much fluid is removed. Your doctor may be able to help you with a solution.

Infection

Haemodialysis can also infect or inflame an access (either a fistula or a graft). The site may become infected because of the pressure cast on the access. Keep the area clean to prevent an infection.

Itchy skin

Dialysis doesn’t effectively remove phosphorus, which could be a reason (along with others) behind itchy skin. This is why patients on a renal diet are asked to leave phosphorus-rich foods. Following the recommended diet and taking a phosphorus binder can help prevent this side-effect.


Side-effects of dialysis

Blow to sexual desire

Dialysis may also affect your sexuality by causing loss of desire, erectile dysfunction and vaginal dryness. Patients might also have to deal with anxiety, depression and change in self-image, all of which may decrease sexual drive.

Any such symptoms should be reported to the doctor so you can manage these side-effects of kidney dialysis treatment better.

Image Source: Getty

Read more articles on Understand Peritoneal Dialysis.

Related Articles
4.8 / 5(4 Ratings)
Write a Review
Post a Comment
Disclaimer +
Though all possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information; Onlymyhealth assumes no liability for the same. Using any information of this website is at the viewers’ risk. Please be informed that we are not responsible for advice/tips given by any third party in form of comments on article pages . If you have or suspect having any medical condition, kindly contact your professional health care provider.
Comments
  • Saurabh21 Jul 2015
    Very informative post.