A Chinese study suggests that the risk factors of pneumonia are still higher in modern cities. The findings of the study defy the old belief that the deadly disease is caused by the use of coal or wood as cooking fuel, especially in rural areas. The report was a part of the China, Child, Home and Health (CCHH) project.
The researchers investigated the association between childhood pneumonia and indoor environment factors in modern homes. According to the researchers, lack of ventilation, gas as cooking fuel, dampness, new furniture, "modern" floor and wall covering materials showed significant associations with the incidence of pneumonia. Among other factors include family allergy, childcare by non-parents, and other respiratory diseases were also reported to be associated with pneumonia. In a nutshell, modern life style and home environment has an important role in developing pneumonia infections among children in Nanjing
Out of 6461 questionnaires were distributed and 4014 properly filled-out questionnaires were returned, giving a response rate of 65.7%. The response rate was 61.8%, 68.4% and 82.0% for kindergartens in urban, suburban, and industrial areas respectively. Binary logistic models were used to test associations between home environmental exposure, building characteristics, life style and the risk of pneumonia infections.
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