Eating slowly can reduce risk of diabetes. People who eat quickly are twice more likely to develop impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) also known as (pre-diabetes), according to a new study.
Researchers from Japan carried out this study wherein, the factors such as weight, age, sex, family history of diabetics, blood pressure, alcohol and smoke intake, eating patterns and cholesterol were taken into account. The only factor that was found to significantly increase risk of IGT was 'fast eating behaviour'. Therefore to reduce the risk of developing diabetes in later life, it is important to eat slowly. Besides diabetes, fast eaters also stand at high risk of catching other health ailments. No link was found between other eating patterns and diabetes. For instance, eating patterns such as late night eating and snacking does not lead to diabetes.
Findings of the study showed that 40 to 50% of people with IGT develop type 2 diabetes within ten coming years of their life. In absence of preventive measures even slight high in glucose level can progress to type 2 diabetes.
The risk is attributed to postprandial blood glucose (the amount of sugar present in blood immediately after eating). When a person eats quickly, postprandial blood glucose significantly increases. This increase contributes to the risk of diabetes.
High level of IGT is signal for type 2 diabetes. People with IGT have high level of glucose but it is not enough for diagnosis of diabetes. However, if not addressed and prevented it can trigger the risk of diabetes. In U.K alone there are 2.8 million people have undiagnosed type 2 diabetes. These people don’t have sufficient amount of insulin to convert blood glucose to energy.
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