Low weight gain during pregnancy can deprive the baby of nutrition. It can lead to underweight, premature, and even handicapped babies in some cases. Experts are of the opinion that weight gain within recommended boundaries lowers the chances of backache, fatigue, indigestion, varicose veins, haemorrhoids, stretch marks and shortness of breath.
Appropriate weight gain during pregnancy facilitates healthy growth of the baby. It is important for pregnant women to gain weight at a steady rate. However, low weight gain during pregnancy is not always a reason to worry. According to a study conducted in University of Bristol, women who gain weight at a slower pace (within the recommended weight range) during pregnancy were at lower risk of becoming overweight or developing other associated health problems. Correspondingly, women who gain more weight were at higher risk of health problems later in life.
One of the main reasons for low weight gain during pregnancy is lack of nutrition. If a pregnant woman is on low calorie foods that lack protein then she is more likely to have low weight.
Low weight gain in second and third trimester leads to intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). IUGR is poor growth of the baby while inside the mother’s womb. This means that the developing baby’s weight is less that 90% compared to other babies. Besides this, women who start their pregnancy with low weight or are underweight during pregnancy are at higher risk of giving birth to preterm infants (low-birth weight baby).
A women who is underweight before pregnancy should gain 28 to 40 pounds. Overweight women need to gain only 15 to 25 pounds. An average weighted women needs to gain 25 to 35 pounds during pregnancy. You may need to gain less or more weight. Therefore, consult your doctor to know much weight gain is good for you.
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