Treatment of cancer by radiation therapy during childhood increases chance of diabetes. Radiation therapy has its after affects due to which risk of morbidity and mortality alleviates. Several researchers around the world correlate cardiovascular mortality with cancer treatment. Body radiation therapy is usually done before bone marrow transplants to treat leukaemia.
According to the research conducted by Emory University which was published Archives of Internal Medicine, 75 percent of children treated with radiation therapy develop a chronic health condition within 30 years. The percentage of children developing disabling or life-threatening health conditions becomes 42.4 percent. Emory University researchers found out that children treated with whole-body radiation 7.2 times more likely than normal children to develop diabetes.
Cancer Radiation Therapy and Diabetes
There are several factors that might cause diabetes in children after radiation therapy, which include age, body mass index, ethnicity, exercise, income, race and security. Risk of diabetes was observed to have increased with radiation dose and drop was observed with age of diagnosis.
"It is imperative that clinicians recognize this risk, screen for diabetes and pre-diabetes when appropriate, and approach survivors with aggressive risk-reducing strategies," said Dr. Lillian Meacham of Emory University in Atlanta.
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