Cirrhosis is a liver disease caused because of irreversible scarring of the liver. There is no cure for cirrhosis. Liver damage that has occurred in cirrhosis cannot be reversed and its function does not return to normal with treatment. It is a serious and potentially fatal condition, which can cause several complications.
Cirrhosis decreases longevity (i.e. lifespan) of the affected person. According to research, the average survival rate of patients with cirrhosis is about 10 years. This, however, is influenced by many factors including the stage of the disease at the time of its diagnosis. Doctors use clinical stages of cirrhosis to assess its prognosis.
If the liver function in cirrhosis is not affected significantly, the 10-year survival rate is approximately 90% (i.e. 90% of people are alive after 10 years). The disease slowly progresses and the liver function is expected to deteriorate significantly within 10 years in about 50% of people with cirrhosis. After a person develops severe cirrhosis, the survival rate is affected severely and the median survival time is approximately 2 years.
Cirrhosis increases the risk of liver cancer. If you have liver cancer, regular follow-up and tests (ultrasound) are recommended to look for abnormalities in the liver.
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