Rains may have brought smile on your face, but they have also brought along the pain of infectious diseases which can severely affect your health and the fun of rainy season! In the changing season, resistance to diseases decreases due to constant changes in temperature. "With people sneezing all around, the virus spreads faster. If you are infected, medication is a must," says Dr VK Monga, chairman of MCD public health committee. Factors which increase the likelihood of catching cold include fatigue, overwork, emotional stress, poor nutrition, smoking, living or working in crowded conditions. "Viral infection is caused due to contact and exertion and in this season, it is more common because there is a lot of humidity," says Dr. Prabal Rajvanshi, senior specialist, Safdarjung Hospital.
Once the virus enters the body, there is an incubation period during which it multiplies to a level high enough to cause infection. Thereafter, the body starts having problems of fatigue, weariness, body and muscle aches that eventually lead to the onset of high fever. This fever can be either high grade or low grade. Furthermore, a running nose, nasal congestion, headache, redness of the eyes, cough, muscle and joint pains and a skin rash could be present. "The most common symptoms of a person having viral fever will be when there are severe headaches and high fever. Lots of dals, fresh fruits and vegetables improve your immunity level," advises Dr. Suman Chadha, consultant North Point Hospital, Panchsheel.
According to Dr. Rajvanshi, this monsoon has brought around 100-150 cases per day in major hospitals. Preventive measures and the right medication is the best way through which viral fever during monsoons can be cured. "The human body can easily fight with viruses when the normal body temperature is 370 C, so it is essential that one does not allow the temperature to dip below it. Avoid drinking chilled water, too much of ice-creams and other cold things in the changing season," says Dr SV Tripathi, senior consultant, Ayurveda, Moolchand Medcity, New Delhi.
o Consume plenty of water (boiled water is recommended).
o Avoid fermented foods like curd, pickles etc.
o Avoid too much fasting as it can lead to acidity and gastro problems
o Eat good quantity of green leafy vegetables and roughage to avoid constipation.
o Keep your body warm as viruses attack immediately after body temperature goes down.
o Do not enter air conditioned room with wet hair and damp clothes.
o Dry your feet with a soft and dry cloth whenever they are wet.
o Eat garlic and onions, both raw and in the form of soup.
o Take three teaspoonfuls of honey, two teaspoonfuls of fresh lime juice and a teaspoonful of brandy or ginger juice. Mix this and take a teaspoonful of the mixture three to four times a day. This mixture should be made fresh daily. Vitamin C in limejuice increases resistance, reduces toxicity and cuts down the course of the illness. Honey is quickly absorbed and gives instant energy.
o The juice of holy basil (tulsi) mixed with ginger and honey can also be used for fever, cough and cold. o For diarrhea in children, put a pinch of black pepper in tea and give a few teaspoonfuls.
o Warm orange juice is a nutritious drink to take in fever. It provides energy, increases the urine output and helps to flush out toxins from the body naturally.