Those women who experience an early menopause i.e. at ages 40 to 45 tend to have a higher risk of heart failure. Researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, found that smoking in the present or past is likely to increase one’s risk of a heart failure. The study, which is the first large-scare and long-term study linked early menopause to heart disease had about 22,000 postmenopausal women participating in it.
The analysis of the data by the author showed that those women who had been through natural menopause at an early stage tended to have 40 percent higher rate of heart failure compared with those women who had menopause during the usual age bracket i.e. 50 and 54.
The rate of heart failure was known to be 2 per cent lower for every one-year increase in age at menopause. It has been found via studies that smokers are likely to have menopause one year earlier than the average age, though this did not explain completely the possible risk between menopause and heart failure. Even those women who had smoked in their younger years and had quit later tend to experience a the same amount of risk of heart failure.
The study was made possible by the Swedish National Patient Register that captures nearly all of Sweden’s hospitalization and outpatient diagnoses, Sweden’s Cause of Death Register as well as healthy surveys of over 90,000 women in the Swedish Mammography Cohort.
The study was published in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society.
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