Pregnancy includes three trimesters that runs over a time span of nine months. In these nine months there will be so many terms that would cross you, and you will be left to think what they mean. But we have brought to you famous pregnancy terms for you to understand.
If you are often confused about the various terms related to pregnancy which include those of foetal development, pregnancy complications, pregnancy health concerns and pregnancy testing; the following A-Z list of some important terms would be very helpful for your pregnancy.
Abortion: End of pregnancy before the growing embryo is able to live outside the womb. It could be accidental, which is often called miscarriage, or wilful as is the case with therapeutic abortion to terminate pregnancy.
Afterbirth: The placenta along with other tissues related to foetal development that are removed after an infant’s birth.
Alphafoetoprotein (AFP): It is produced by the unborn baby inside the uterus. Amniotic fluid and maternal bloodstream contains this substance in large amounts.
Amniotic Fluid: Fluid surrounding the baby into which is replaced every three hours. It is also known as water or liquor.
Anaesthesia: Loss of sensation induced for facilitating medical procedures such as surgery, also used for induced labour.
Areola: Circular area surrounding the breast’s nipple which has a dark pigment.
Back labour: Labour pain felt in the lower back.
Braxton-Hicks contractions: Painless tightening of uterus occurring irregularly during pregnancy.
Breech presentation: Abnormal positioning of foetus during birth. Buttocks or legs come in the birth canal first rather than the head.
Caesarean section (delivery): Childbirth through an incision in the abdomen rather than through the vagina.
Contraction stress test: Evaluation of foetal well being by its response to uterine contractions.
Crown-to-rump length: The length from start of baby’s head to the buttocks.
Down syndrome: Birth defect that causes mental disease.
Ecclampsia: Complication during pregnancy with high blood pressure and edema being the main symptoms. Pre-eclampsia is its less severe form.
Ectopic pregnancy: When embryo starts to grow in fallopian tubes or elsewhere instead of the uterus.
Embryo: The name given to the fertilized ovum until eight weeks after conception.
Foetus: Unborn baby from eight weeks onwards till birth is called foetus.
Gestational age: Pregnancy duration counted from the first day of the missed menstrual period before pregnancy.
Gynaecologist: Specialist medical practitioner of female reproductive system.
Induction: Bringing about labour artificially.
Lactation: Process of milk production in the breasts.
Miscarriage: When pregnancy ends before the 24 weeks period of gestation.
Neonatal: Related to a newborn baby.
Obstetrician: A specialist doctor for taking care of women during pregnancy and childbirth.
Ovulation: Process of ovary releasing eggs.
Postpartum: After birth.
Quickening: First movement of foetus felt by expecting mother.
Sonography: Using ultrasound for forming the baby’s image.
Stillbirth: Dead foetus delivered after completion of the 28 weeks of gestation.
Trimester: One-third duration of pregnancy.
Umbilical cord: Pipe-like structure through which blood is drawn from placenta to the foetus.
Zygote: Structure that is formed after sperm and matured egg join.
These terms would be commonly used throughout your pregnancy and therefore they are important for you to understand them.
Read more articles on How to get Pregnant.