Prakruti and Vikruti are ayurvedic concepts used to describe the constitution and imbalance of an individual’s body. Let us study both of them individually to understand the importance of each.
- According to ayurveda, the constitution or dosha of your mind and body is decided at the moment of conception. As a result, you are born with a unique or distinctive combination of the pitta, vata and kapha doshas that remains exactly the same during your lifetime. This is known as Prakruti – a Sanskrit word which means nature or the original creation.
- Your prakruti is your foundation or basis and it greatly determines what will keep you in accord with nature and what will cause you to get sick. You cannot change your prakruti just like you cannot change your built from short and stout to tall and slim or change the colour of your skin, hair and eyes.
- Prakruti and vikruti in Ayurveda are two opposite terms yet essential parts of your holistic healing process. Vikruti is the existing state of imbalance in the doshas of an individual. When you go to any healing centre for a medical consultation of your mind and body, the Ayurvedic doctors focus more on your vikruti rather than your prakruti. They do this in order to find the existing underlying imbalances that should be addressed.
- According to ayurveda, the foundation for good health pertains to maintaining the right balance between the body and the mind and living in sync with nature. Evaluating your vikruti provides vital information about what lifestyle changes and changes in diet are needed to return the body to a state of wellbeing.
Prakruti is symbolic of perfect health and mental wellbeing whereas vikruti signifies a state of imbalance and disease. This concept of prakruti and vikruti in Ayurveda can be demonstrated with reference to your body temperature. When in good health, you maintain a normal body temperature of almost 98.4oF, which can be considered as your prakruti. When you move outside on a cold winter day, your body temperature will possibly go down a bit and when you are sick or you catch a cold, your body temperature will go up. This, according to ayurveda, can be considered as vikruti because vikruti indicates the state of disease.
Prakruti and vikruti are the essence of this traditional healing process that helps ayurvedic experts to understand doshas and find methods to alleviate them from your body, thereby ensuring optimum health.
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