PMS in Teenagers

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Jan 31, 2013

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Many teenager children often complain of aches or pains in various parts of the body. These aches may be short-lived or may last for weeks to several months and are diagnosed as growing pains if no other obvious cause is present. Children grow throughout childhood and in teenage or adolescence tremendous physical growth and changes occur in the body. Many girls and boys in this period may suffer from considerable or recurrent pain in knees, feet and hands as well as the muscles. The exact cause of growing pain is not known, but many experts believe that the pain occurs due to nutritional deficiency.


Rapid increase in height and weight is seen in puberty. This tremendous growth requires plenty of vitamins and minerals such as magnesium, calcium and vitamin D. As teenagers try to establish their independence they choose to eat and drink what they like. This is a major cause of nutritional deficiency in them.


Treatment for growing pain requires;

  • Healthy diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, milk and milk product and protein. This helps to supply the essential vitamins and minerals to the body.
  • Encourage healthy lifestyle—such as healthy diet, adequate physical activity, avoiding smoking, drinking, and late night parties
  • Encourage your teenager to take adequate rest and sleep. The body repairs and heals during sleep. Ensure that the TV or computer are off during sleep.
  • If your adolescent is doing exercise beyond his or her physical ability try to limit it.


Don’t ignore growing pains, consult your doctor. Growing pains indicate that your body has deficiency of at least one nutrient. Eat balanced and healthy diet to meet the nutritional needs of your body and help the body manage growing pains.


Premenstrual Syndrome


What is PMS?


Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) indicates a range of negative physical and emotional symptoms which a girl or woman may experience each month before the period. Most women or girls come to know that their period is due by physical and emotional changes they have. Most women have mild PMS, only about five per cent of women suffer from severe PMS. PMS may start at puberty or at any time when a major change takes place in hormone levels like after pregnancy, after starting pill or before menopause.


What causes PMS?


The etiology or cause of PMS is not known.  It is probably caused by sensitivity to the hormone progesterone in the menstrual cycle. Some girls may start experiencing the symptoms some time after ovulation when the hormone progesterone starts to increase, whereas others may develop in the last few days of a menstrual cycle. The symptoms usually worsen as they get closer to the start of their next period.


What are the symptoms?


The symptoms of PMS can be divided into two groups: psychological and physical.


Common Psychological symptoms include:

  • Anxiety or tension
  • Irritability, feeling "out of control", panic attacks or anger,
  • Tearfulness, depression, sadness
  • Forgetfulness, exhaustion or fatigue
  • Changes in sleep patterns, sex drive and appetite.


Common physical symptoms include:

  • Headaches/migraine
  • Feeling bloated
  • Increase in weight 
  • Painful or tender breasts
  • Pain in abdomen
  • Swelling of the hands and feet
  • Backache and painful joints
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Worsening of problems such as epilepsy, asthma, migraine and cold sores


The severity of symptoms can vary from mild to severe. In some girls the symptoms m...

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