When infection and inflammation occurs in the largest salivary gland known as parotid glands, it is known as parotitis. The inflammation leads to swelling of the tissues that surround the salivary glands, redness and soreness. These salivary glands function to produce saliva in the mouth which plays a significant role in cleansing of the mouth. When an inflammation occurs in these salivary glands, it reduces their ability to function properly and may lead to infections within the mouth.
The causes of inflammation of parotitis can be many. Infection, drugs, radiation and various other diseases are responsible for the inflammation. Earlier, mump was the one of the most common viral cause of parotitis but with the development of a vaccine mumps has become a rare disorder.
Parotitis can lead to swelling and inflammation of parotid glands that can cause numerous symptoms. However, the symptoms can vary largely. The most common of them are:
Besides the above mentioned symptoms there are few signs that can indicate a serious trouble. These symptoms must be consulted with a health care provider. These symptoms include:
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