A research reports that obesity of mothers might be a reason of autism among newborns. 1,000 California children of age group 2 to 5 years were assessed by researchers affiliated with UC Davis MIND Institute. Medical researchers observed a correlation between obesity and autism by assessment of mothers' medical records.
Study indicated that women who were obese during pregnancy were 70 percent more likely than normal-weight women to give birth to child with autism. Furthermore, risk of developmental delays also doubled in obese mothers. Obesity was not the only indicator of pregnant women raising health complications in newborns, but factors like gestational diabetes also affected infant’s health condition.
In comparison to healthy mothers, research outlined that prevalence of gestational diabetes during pregnancy is 2 1/3 times more likely to render developmental delays in newborns. Autistic children of diabetic mothers are more likely to face challenges of language comprehension and adaptive communication against other autistic infants. Researchers did not conclude findings with a statistical figure, but proportion of diabetic mothers having child with developmental delay concerns was substantial.
Inflammation and excess blood sugar in a mother's blood that reaches fetus of mother to damage developing brain was explained as the reason for autism in newborns. Moreover, this makes significant change in baby’s metabolism that leaves him reeling with more oxygen requirement. According to CDC statistics, the probability of having a child with autism is 1 in 88.
Paula Krakowiak, an epidemiologist at University of California, elaborated on the research quoting, “Our finding that these maternal conditions may be linked with neurodevelopmental problems in children raises concerns and therefore may have serious public-health implications.”
Study published in the issue of Pediatrics is a step further to the earlier studies in the sphere relating obesity during pregnancy with conditions like stillbirths, preterm births and birth defects.