Many individuals in modern society experience a discrepancy between social and biological time. Especially during the work or school week, we are often forced to be awake against our preferred time. In addition, the amplified light, TV, computer and internet make people stay up late at night.
According to the new study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, they investigate the health difference between what researchers call “evening and morning chronotypes” — people whose natural sleep-wake cycles make them either night owls or morning people. The endeavor was to see whether staying up overdue affected metabolism and body fat, in spite of how many hours of sleep the person got after conclusively going to bed.
There are reports that suggest, people who stay up the whole night have more health and behavioral tribulations than morning people. Evening persons have eating disorders, unenthusiastic mood and inadequate sleep compared with morning persons. They start sleeping late in the night but wake up much early than their biologic morning time due to social obligations.
There are a plenty of substantiation evidence that short sleep period and insomnia can aid to a significant risk of obesity and diabetes. Hence, the researchers felt the necessity to disclose whether evening persons are linked with metabolic abnormalities in the general population or not.
Among the middle-aged adults, people who stayed up late in nights had a 1.7-fold increase in their possibility of having type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome, and a 3.2-fold increase in their risk of sarcopenia as compared to the usual morning people. Evening people are more likely to be associated with reduced muscle mass in men and increase fat mass which includes visceral fat in women.
Among the evening people who have had poor sleep quality and unhealthy behavior patterns such as smoking, no exercise and eating late at night, contributed to unpleasant metabolic outcomes. It has been observed that evening type lifestyle is more prevalent in younger age groups and these findings are major health issues since there is a high risk of diabetes or metabolic syndrome in young age.
Taking into consideration that many young people are night owls, the risk associated with this type of sleep habit is an important health issue that is required to be addressed.
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