Circumcision is the surgical removal of some or entire foreskin that covers the penis. There are various reasons for which circumcision is performed. In some of the cases problem in foreskin of penis makes it necessary. For instance, if foreskin is thin excessively narrow at tip, it can increase risk of infection. Some people view circumcision as an act of religious dedication (Judaism and Islam). New parents are mostly confused about circumcision. Here are some myths and facts on circumcision.
Myth: Circumcision affects men’s ability to impregnate women.
Fact: Circumcision does not have any effect on men’s fertility.
Myth: Circumcision is endorsed and recommended by doctors.
Fact: It is not recommended as medical necessity by medical experts.
Myth: Almost all men are circumcised.
Fact: According to the World Health Organisation, globally less than third of men are circumstanced. In latest study done in USA, only half of the boys born in conventional hospitals were circumcised.
Myth: Circumcision provides complete protection against Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Fact: Role of circumcision in HIV prevention has remained a debatable issue. Circumcision does not completely safeguard you against HIV. It is only a properly used condom that can assure you of complete HIV protection.
According to a recent study done on 11,000 men, foreskin removal is found to decrease risk of HIV in heterosexual men. Results further revealed that circumcision decreases risk of HIV by 55 to 65 percent.
Myth: Circumcision is a simple and painless procedure.
Fact: Whether done immediately after birth or in later stage of life, circumcision is a painful procedure. It must be never performed without giving pain relief.
Myth: Circumcision prevent Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
Reality: Circumcision only reduces risk of UTIs. Genetics, urinary catheterization and hygiene also contribute to the aetiology of urinary tract infections.
Myth: Local anaesthetic makes the circumcision painless.
Fact: injection of local anaesthetic is itself a painful task for baby. If not taken care of then postoperative pain is even worst.
Myth: It is hard to keep uncircumcised penis clean.
Fact: Circumcision was once believed to improve hygiene. But recent researches have shown that there is not strong connection between the two. Irrespective of their circumcision status, healthy hygiene and normal bathing is recommended for all men.
Myth: Babies does not feel pain during circumcision.
Fact: Babies are as sensitive to pain as adults. Anaesthetics does not completely eliminates pain, it only reduce it.
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