Mumps - Get information and read articles on Mumps signs, symptoms, causes, treatment, prevention and diagnosis at onlymyhealth.com, your complete health guide.
Early symptoms of mumps may include symptoms such as fever (usually moderately high), loss of appetite, sore throat, body pain and lethargy, loss of appetite and headache. Many people may not show early symptoms but may present with salivary gland swelling.
There is no cure for mumps. There are no anti-viral medications that can cure the infection. Treatment of mumps aims to relieve symptoms and includes self care and medications to relieve pain and fever. Self care at home includes drinking plenty of fluids, eating easy to chew foods, cold compresses on the gland and rest.
Symptoms of mumps improve with self care and medications to relieve pain and fever in a few days without any serious complications in most cases. Consult a doctor if you have severe symptoms of mumps (such as high fever, severe swelling and pain in parotid for more than few days) or you develop new symptoms suggestive of complication.
Mumps can be diagnosed clinically (based on medical history and physical examination) in most cases. During physical examination the doctor will check the salivary gland for warmth, and tenderness. In most cases lab tests are not required to diagnose mumps. If needed, the doctor will do virus culture or blood test to detect mumps antibodies.
Mumps is caused by a virus. The disease can occur at any age but is most common in children aged 2 – 12. Swelling of the parotid salivary gland is the characteristic symptom of mumps. Other symptoms include fever, loss of appetite, sore throat, body pain and lethargy, and headache. Treatment of mumps aims to relieve symptoms and includes self care and medications to relieve pain and fever.
Mumps can be prevented by getting vaccinated with mumps vaccine. As the vaccine does not give 100% protection, other methods that can help to prevent the spread of disease include avoiding close contact with people with mumps, washing hands frequently with soap and water and cleaning surfaces that are frequently touched.
Symptoms of mumps usually start after an incubation period of about 16-18 days. Symptoms in most people clear up completely in about 10 days without long-term complications. Duration of illness may prolong if you develop complications.