Kidney cancer stages are based on the extent to which the cancer has spread. The stages of kidney cancer are based on many factors such as the size of the tumour, the extent of infection and the organs it has infected.
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Stages of kidney cancer determine the treatment options. Different stages of kidney cancer require different modes of treatment. According to TNM system (Tumour Node Metastasis system), there are four stages of kidney cancer.
It varies from zero to fourth stage. It shows the effect of cancer on kidneys. It shows the amount to which the kidney is damaged. The T stage varies from T0 to T4.
N stage shows that the cancer has affected the lymph nodes. It also varies from N0 to N2.
M stage of the cancer has two parts, M0 and M1. M0 stage means cancer is localised and M1 stage means cancer has spread throughout the kidney.
The final stage is evaluated on the basis of analysis and then the treatment is given. There are four final stages of kidney cancer.
On the basis of these cancer stages, the mode of treatment is decided. These kidney cancer stages show the extent of cancer and how much damage it has caused.
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