Occurrence of kidney cancer in children is rare. There are various types of kidney or renal cancer in children, but most of them are highly treatable and mostly curable. Late detection of kidney tumour can become a life-threatening issue for a suffering child. The following information will guide you to diagnose kidney cancer early.
Genetic pattern of children, who have renal or kidney cancer, are analysed to find the reason behind the development of renal tumours in them. It has been found that certain chromosomal abnormalities increase the risk of Wilms' tumour.
Once an abdominal lump is detected in a child, he/she needs to undergo radiologic studies. An ultrasound is done to determine the location of the mass in the kidney and whether it is a solid tumour or not. After ultrasound, either a CT scan or an MRI is carried out.
The basic treatment of all types of renal tumours in children is surgical removal. In most patients, surgery includes radical nephrectomy in which the tumour and the entire affected kidney are removed. Patients, who have tumours in both the kidneys, must go for a biopsy to determine the size and type of tumour. The patient then receives chemotherapy.
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