Cervical Cancer is a disease which young women suffer from. In the UK, it is the second most common in women who are less than 35 years of age. Of late it has been claimed that certain changes in the cervix suggest the possibility of cancerous development. Cervix can be described in plain language as “neck of the womb”. The precancerous developments of cervical cancer have been identified which allow for timely treatment.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma – It starts to develop in the surface cells of cervix. The precancerous changes can be seen beginning with abnormal behaviour of the cells up to the severe symptoms of the cancer. According to BBC, each year around 24,000 women in UK show such abnormalities after undergoing a cervical smear test.
Adenocarcinoma – Around 5 to 10% cases of cervical cancers are of this type. It is formed in the mucus producing glands of the cervical canal. The glands are in the form of cells. The smear test, which is able to detect squamous cell carcinoma, is not useful for adenocarcinoma. This disease also has a lot of sub-categories.
Cervical cancer is treated by surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy at different stages or condition of the disease. Survival rates of patients who are treated are over 70 % when detected in its early stages. That is why it is important to have smear tests regularly.
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