Miscarriage and abortion are the causes of a baby’s death before delivery. The difference between them is that while abortion is a wilful procedure, miscarriage is accidental or due to some abnormalities. The procedure involved in abortion may be:
As you proceed into your pregnancy, the difficulty and complications in having an abortion increase. Consult with your doctor about the physical and also psychological problems that you may have to face during and after an abortion.
As far as miscarriages are concerned, in 70 percent of cases they are due to some chromosomal abnormalities. It could be parental chromosomal abnormalities and embryo chromosomal abnormalities.
The types of chromosomal abnormalities leading to miscarriages are:
Nullisomy – In this the embryo is missing a pair of chromosome. These embryos do not survive even after therapy and end up causing a miscarriage.
Monosomy – This is a situation in which the chromosome of the foetus does not have its homolog. There are a lot of complications in the baby even if such a embryo survives. A no. of birth defects such as Down’s Syndrome can occur. Moreover, many of such babies do not live longer than a few weeks.
Trisomy: It is a case in which an extra copy of the chromosome if found in the embryo. There is very little chance of such an embryo to survive. Most of these are born with Down ’s syndrome. The facial features of such babies are distinct with changed body shape and lesser height.
Tetrasomy – It is a rare condition in which only four chromosome pairs are present leading to miscarriage.