Educating teens about sex and sexuality

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Mar 22, 2012

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Quick Bites

  • With changing times, sex education has become necessary.
  • It prevents or decreases the rate of sexually transmitted diseases.
  • And increases the awareness of contraceptive methods.
  • WHO advices sex education to be imparted to all children above 12.

For healthy growth and development of children, it is important that most of the information on sex and its related topics is imparted by a parent or a peer. But this rarely happens especially in India. Most children in India get most of this information from books, magazines, pornographic websites and various other sources.



Why sex education?

With changing times it has become necessary that we impart sex education to our teenagers. The physical and hormonal changes taking place in the body of teenagers make them curious to explore these changes. Added to all this, the increased amount of exposure through television, books, internet makes them impulsive to try what is forbidden. The 'sexual arena' is a hot topic among the adolescence currently and the absence of proper supervision can result in more harm than good.

Sex education in teens

Sex education teaches the following topics:


  • Human anatomy (both of male and female)
  • Human reproduction through sexual intercourse
  • Pregnancy
  • How to practice safe sex
  • Measures for birth control
  • Sexual orientation
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as gonorrhea, HIV/AIDS, etc.

Several countries in Asia like India have made an effort to incorporate sex education as part of the academic curriculum. This is done with the view that information through proper sources can guide the children better.

Sex education to the teens can help to:


  • Avoid or decrease the incidence of teenage pregnancies. It makes them aware of the repercussions of teenage pregnancy on their health, education, future, as well as that of the fetus.
  • Stress on self-restraint.
  • Even if they do indulge in sexual activities, the awareness of contraceptive methods, including the use of condoms helps to decrease the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancies.
  • Prevent or decrease the rate of sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea, non-gonoccocal urethritis, pelvic inflammatory disease and syphilis.

In the current scenario, sex education to the teens should be considered as the responsibility of every parent and teacher. Right information can enlighten a teenager regarding the hazards of sexual intercourse and related health problems.  You should make your child conscious of the fact that “it is better to be safe than sorry.” In a country like India where severe social stigma been attached to unwed teen pregnancies, it is important that we have good sex education programs for our teenagers.

Sex education in schools

Studies have shown that effective sex education to adolescence in school can increase the age at which they experiment with sex. However in India sex education in school has not yet become an accepted part of the curriculum and the topic still remains a subject of intense debate.

Certain schools have introduced novel health and hygiene workshops that handle issues like health foods, usage of sanitary napkins, human anatomy and human reproduction. But the education system in India is still has disagreement about conducting workshops and programs within the school premises on sex education.

WHO considers that sex education should be given to all children, who are 12 and above. The increasing incidence of teenage pregnancies and HIV in India makes it important that we give our children sex education, so that they get the right information rather than misconception.

Parents and sex education


There are few conservative elements of the society that consider that sex education to our children in the schools and from parents would make them more liberated and increase their indulgence in sexual activities. But the increasing rate of teenage pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases and HIV has made this an important issue to be considered.

Is sex education effective?

Yes, sex education effective to the teenagers is effective. Studies have shown that comprehensive sex education can benefit young adolescence considerably. Educating the teenagers about sex assist them to deal with peer pressure and teaches them the art of communication and negotiation. It makes them more confident and gives them assertive skills, crucial in their dealings with peers.

Some people consider that sex-education and the information provided in it may liberate the adolescence and make them indulge in sexual activities more frequently. However, several studies have shown that this is not true. Sex education does not make teenagers more promiscuous and it does not increase their indulgence in sexual intercourse. On the contrary, it delays the age at which adolescence may experiment with sex.


Read more articles on Sex Education.


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  • Lucy Elias20 Aug 2013

    Sex education basics may be covered in health class, but your teen might not hear — or understand — everything he or she needs to know to make tough choices about sex. That's where you come in. Awkward as it may be, sex education is a parent's responsibility. By reinforcing and supplementing what your teen learns in school, you can set the stage for a lifetime of healthy sexuality.

  • Viberator11 Aug 2012

    I think it is now advisable for teens if they learn about Sex and it is also good for them if they join seminars about sex education.

  • abhibrat05 May 2012

    so why are we not understanding its relevance and ignoring it as some forbidden topic in India. Surprisingly neither do we have any NGO's for the same. I am highly surprised as to what are we hiding from, truth. I think its high time smthg urgent is done wrt the same or else we will no. of issues which the developed nations have already gone thru.The movies, media, journals all r contend with explicit materials which wil force our youngsters into unwanted acts. Smthg needs to be done urgently!