Austrian based researchers have managed to replicate the development of brain tissue in three dimensions. What started with human stem cells further allowed them to grow into what they call, ‘cerebral organoids’ that consisted of several regions of the brain.
The scientists were able to produce a biological model of how a brain condition called microcephaly which is rare can develop, thus this suggested that the same technique could in the future be used to model disorders such as autism or even schizophrenia that affect millions of people around the world.
Paul Matthews who is the professor of clinical neuroscience at the Imperial College, London, said, “This study offers the promise of a major new tool for understanding the causes of major developmental disorders of the brain, as well as testing possible treatments.” The professor isn’t directly involved in the study but said that he is highly impressed with the results.
The organoids were also used to model the development of microcephaly which is a rare neurological condition in which patients develop an abnormally small head, and further identify the cause for the same. This was done by researcher Juergen Knoblich’s team.
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