Peripheral Neuropathy is a term assigned to damaged nerves. Peripheral nerves carry information to and fro from the brain. They also act as signal transmitters from the spinal cord and the rest of the body. Single nerve damage may damage the entire group of nerves and impact the functioning of the entire body.
Drugs, diabetes, kidney failure, shingles, alcohol, AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, auto immune diseases and vitamin deficiency may cause peripheral neuropathy. Patients experiencing peripheral neuropathy may have unusual sensation such as weakness, tingling in the limbs, numbness or burning pain.
Treatment for Peripheral Neuropathy
The objective of the medication and therapies performed to treat peripheral neuropathy is to manage the causal symptom. The purpose is to heal the person from the very core and provide relief to patients.
- Pain Killers relieve only mild symptoms that could be relieved by over the counter drugs. For severe pain consult a doctor and you may be recommended pain killers containing codeine. The dosage will vary from person to person as it can lead to sedation or constipation.
- Anti Seizure Medications were originally developed to treat epilepsy. These drugs are available only through prescription for nerve pain. Drugs like Gralise, Neurontin, Topamax, Lyrica, Cabratrol, Tegretol, Dilantin and Phenytek are some examples of anti seizure drugs.
- Since decades doctors have been using anti depressants such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline. However, these anti depressants have been proven to be helpful in relieving nerve pain by interfering with chemical processes in the spinal cord and brain that trigger pain responses in your body.
- Capsaicin is a cream containing naturally occurring substances found in hot peppers which can cause significant levels of improvement in the peripheral neuropathy symptoms. This cream generates heat but eventually you will get used to the hot sensation and respite from pain.
- Lidocaine patch contains topical lidocaine. You can apply it to areas that pain the most. You can use up to four patches a day. This treatment doesn’t have any side effects apart from rashes at the site where the cream was applied
- Not only medication but even therapies can relive pain occurring from peripheral neuropathy. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) helps to relieve symptoms. The procedure includes the use of adhesive electrodes placed on the skin that create electric current of less voltage. The current is delivered to the target areas through the electrodes at varying frequency.
- This technique is commonly used in physiotherapy where the patient may experience discomfort or irritation during the onset of the therapy, but the body will eventually relax and cope with the small voltage current. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation successfully relieves nerve pains for a long time frame if performed at regular periods as advised by the physician.
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