When doctors examine sperm, they look for three things – count, motility and malformations. Sperm motility can be described as the ability of sperm to propel forward to fertilize the egg. Immotile sperm is often the reason for infertility in couples and improving sperm motility can help them overcome the problem.
According to researchers at the Columbia University, abnormal sperm motility is caused because of high temperatures, prolonged sexual inactivity, alcohol consumption, tobacco use, use of steroids and high zinc levels.
A sperm's ability to swim normally is one important component of having healthy sperm. Below are the ways that will help improve sperm motility.
Vitamin-rich diet – Assessing what you are eating could possibly improve your sperm health, including sperm motility. A study conducted at the Dubai Specialized Medical Center & Research Labs suggests that vitamin C may also help improve sperm motility in infertile men. Zinc and selenium are the other nutrients that help in improving sperm motility.
Healthy lifestyle – There is no certain treatment for low motility, but men can take help of dietary and lifestyle changes to improve sperm motility. Foods rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin B12, zinc, Vitamin E, selenium and L-carnitine might prove beneficial (source: Fertility and Sterility journal). The factors that can negatively affect sperm are stress, smoking and alcohol. Try not to take inconsequential stress, quit smoking and drink alcohol in moderation.
Too much of physical activity can also affect sperm health negatively. Don’t spend too much time in fitness centre. Similarly, too much time in a hot tub can affect your sperm health. You can benefit from alternative treatments such as acupuncture.
Medical treatment – Protein supplementation and hormone therapy has improved sperm motility in many men with low sperm motility. In vitro fertilization with intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF with ICSI) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) are the treatments that have proven helpful for men with sperm motility issues. In intrauterine insemination (IUI), the sperm are directly deposited into the uterus using a specific device. This gives sperm a better chance of swimming up into the Fallopian tubes. In IVF with ICSI, a sperm is hand-picked to be injected into the egg waiting in a petri dish.
Natural herbs – Asian Ginseng is one herbal remedy that can help improve sperm motility. It has been shown to increase testosterone and sperm count. Adding ginseng to your daily routine could be helpful in many ways, including sexual health. Pine bark extract and walnuts can have similar effect on sperm motility. There are more herbs that are can naturally improve motility and increase the chances of conception.
Not being able to conceive a child can be stressful. Give yourself a better chance by improving sperm motility.
Read more articles on Male Infertility.
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