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How to Test for Diabetes

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Oct 30, 2012
4.8 / 5(4 Ratings)

Diabetes is widely regarded as a slow poison that creates a life-long impact on your life and is sometimes difficult to detect in early stages. Although, there are different type of techniques available to test diabetes in modern days but people often tend to neglect the early symptoms which makes diabetes one of the most common diseases in the world.

 

[Read: How Diabetes Test Strips Work]

 

Here are some of the tests which can be done in order to diagnose diabetes early, thereby, preventing it from further damaging your body.

 

Although, there are different type of techniques available to test diabetes in modern days but people often tend to neglect the early symptoms which makes diabetes one of the most common diseases in the world.

 

Here are some of the tests which can be done in order to diagnose diabetes early, thereby, preventing it from further damaging your body.

 

Fasting Plasma Glucose Test:


Considered as one of the most common ways of diagnosing diabetes, it is used to measure the blood glucose level of a person who has fasted for at least 8 hours. The result of this test is more reliable when it is done early morning. The normal limit of fasting glucose test is less than 110 mg/dl. Fasting glucose test is also a less expensive way of diagnosing diabetes.

 

[Read: Home Tests for Diabetes]


Postprandial plasma Diabetes Test:


Postprandial test or PP is a type of test which is done to monitor the blood glucose level after consuming a meal. Normally after having a meal, the glucose levels in the body goes up which enables the pancreas to produce more insulin in order to keep it under control. People affected with diabetes may not respond or produce the proper quantity of insulin. The normal value of Postprandial test should be under 140 mg/dl and is conducted exactly after 2 hours of consuming meal.

 

AC1 Test:

 

This is the most favourable test for diabetes patients to monitor the blood glucose levels. Unlike the traditional methods, this test can be done at any time throughout the day. AC1 is mostly recommended for type 2 diabetes patients. The test shows the average blood glucose level for a period of three months. The normal percentage level of AC1 test is below 5.7 per cent. If the percentage goes higher than the normal limit, then it means the patient’s glucose levels have been high.

 

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test:

 

The oral glucose tolerance test is a good old method for diagnosing type 2 diabetes. It is commonly used for diagnosing gestational diabetes during pregnancy. To conduct an oral glucose tolerance test, the person has to fast for at least eight hours. The fasting plasma glucose test is done first. After this, the person receives 75 grams of glucose (100 grams for pregnant women) orally through a sweet liquid. Gynaecologists use blood samples up to four times to measure the blood glucose. This is the most common way of conducting oral glucose tolerance test.

 

[Read: Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes]

 

People with family history of diabetes are at high risk of getting diabetes and in order to be on the safe side, regular monitoring of diabetes is very essential along with proper knowledge about the disease.

 

Read more articles on Diabetes.

 

 

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