Typhoid fever is a major public health problem in several parts of the world. Prevention has an important part in control of typhoid fever. Major focus of prevention centres on vaccination and improved sanitation.
The currently used vaccines (oral vaccine and injectable vaccine) are fairly effective for preventing typhoid fever. However none of the vaccines offer 100 percent protection and both require repeat immunisations as the effectiveness of the vaccine wanes over time. People living in a typhoid endemic area or travelling to an area where typhoid fever is endemic, should consider getting vaccinated.
Hygiene measures such as safe drinking water and improved sanitation are equally important for preventing typhoid fever as the vaccine does not provide complete protection. Be sure to follow the following guidelines for typhoid prevention.
In addition to self-protection take measures to avoid infecting others if you're recovering from typhoid. The following measures can help to keep others safe:
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