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How is Landau Kleffner Syndrome Treated

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Oct 09, 2012
4.8 / 5(4 Ratings)
Quick Bites

  • Medication can treat both language and epileptiform symptoms.
  • A ketogenic diet is said to be used successfully in reducing seizures.
  • Surgical procedures can reduce seizures and improve symptoms.
  • Treatment must be sought early for better prognosis.

More

Landau-Kleffner syndrome is an acquired epileptic disorder in children that develops as a sudden or gradual loss of skills in language. This disorder usually develops in children who are still in the developing stage.

LKS treatment

Treatment Options

Some of the treatment options available for LKS include surgery, medication, speech-language, dietary modifications and educational adaptations. Some of these are discussed below:

Medications

The literature has described many medications that have been successful in the treatment of both language as well as epileptiform symptoms. If you child does not respond to a particular treatment option, it is possible that he/she may respond to another. Corticosteroids and antiepileptic drugs have been found to be successful in the reduction of seizures as well as in improving language in a significant percentage of children in the United States. Children who have not responded to corticosteroids or antiepileptic drugs, he/she may be recommended to go for intravenous immunoglobulin treatment.

Dietary Changes

A ketogenic diet is said to be used successfully in reducing seizures, though some recent studies have supported its usefulness in LKS. The ketogenic diet tends to use a 4:1 fat-to-nonfat ratio and is also designed to produce a certain ketosis and acidosis that acts as antiepileptic.

Surgical Treatments

Some children who haven’t responded to medication tend to experience a reduction in seizures as well as improved language with the help of a surgical procedure that is referred to as multiple subpial transection. The surgery helps to control seizures without really producing any major motor deficits but is still thought of as experimental by a lot of people.

 

Read more articles on Landau Kleffner Syndrome.

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