Landau-Kleffner syndrome is an acquired epileptic disorder in children that develops as a sudden or gradual loss of skills in language. This disorder usually develops in children who are still in the developing stage.
Some of the treatment options available for LKS include surgery, medication, speech-language, dietary modifications and educational adaptations. Some of these are discussed below:
The literature has described many medications that have been successful in the treatment of both language as well as epileptiform symptoms. If you child does not respond to a particular treatment option, it is possible that he/she may respond to another. Corticosteroids and antiepileptic drugs have been found to be successful in the reduction of seizures as well as in improving language in a significant percentage of children in the United States. Children who have not responded to corticosteroids or antiepileptic drugs, he/she may be recommended to go for intravenous immunoglobulin treatment.
A ketogenic diet is said to be used successfully in reducing seizures, though some recent studies have supported its usefulness in LKS. The ketogenic diet tends to use a 4:1 fat-to-nonfat ratio and is also designed to produce a certain ketosis and acidosis that acts as antiepileptic.
Some children who haven’t responded to medication tend to experience a reduction in seizures as well as improved language with the help of a surgical procedure that is referred to as multiple subpial transection. The surgery helps to control seizures without really producing any major motor deficits but is still thought of as experimental by a lot of people.
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