Pneumonia in most cases has good prognosis but it can be very serious and even life threatening. It is not possible to prevent all types of pneumonia but when possible, steps to prevent the infection should be taken. Some measures to prevent pneumonia include:
Vaccines cannot prevent infection from all types of germs. But vaccines to prevent pneumococcal pneumonia and flu are available. These are the two most common causes of pneumonia. According to experts people who develop pneumonia after vaccination tend to have:
The vaccine to prevent pneumococcal pneumonia gives protection for at least 5 years in adults after 1 shot. This vaccine often is recommended for:
The seasonal flu shot that helps to prevent the flu is good for 1 year. As many people develop pneumonia after having the flu, the vaccine is effective for reducing the risk of pneumonia as well.
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a type of bacteria. It is a common cause of meningitis and pneumonia in children. The Hib vaccine is recommended in children who are younger than 5 years old to help prevent these infections.
To prevent infecting others, avoid close contact with family and friends. Use tissues to cover your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing. The used tissue should be disposed off as soon as possible. If there is no tissue, sneeze in the elbow sleeve.
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