Diagnosis of liver cancer can be difficult as most people have vague signs and symptoms. If your doctor suspects liver cancer he will take a detailed history, do physical exam and then recommend tests.
[Read: How to Prevent Liver Cancer]
Physical Exam and Medical History: During the history your doctor will ask about your symptoms, presence of risk factors such as excessive alcohol consumption, infection with hepatitis B or C virus, and family history of liver disease or cancer. During the examination he will check you for jaundice, ascites (abnormal collection of fluid in the abdomen), liver size by palpating your abdomen and other signs of liver disease.
Exams and Tests for Liver Cancer: Some of the tests done to diagnose liver cancer diagnosis may include;
[Read: Treatment of Liver Cancer]
Determining the extent of the liver cancer: After liver cancer is diagnosed your doctor will try to determine the stage of the cancer (that is the size of the tumor, extent of spread, and the type of tumor). Staging helps to decide the treatment and prognosis. Staging can be done using imaging tests (such as CT, MRI, chest X-ray and bone scan) and biopsy.
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