Diagnosis of juvenile arthritis may be difficult as the symptoms of arthritis can vary and some patients may have symptoms of the associated disease as well. There is no single test that can confirm the diagnosis of juvenile arthritis. Hence diagnosis is made by exclusion of other conditions (such as bone disorders or fractures, fibromyalgia, infection, Lyme disease, lupus, or cancer) which can cause similar symptoms.
Medical history: Your doctor will take a detailed medical history and perform a physical exam to diagnose the cause of pain or other symptoms like refusal to walk, clumsiness. History may include questions regarding location of the pain, time and pattern of the pain, presence or absence of stiffness and any other associated symptoms. Physical examination will include examination of joint (for pain, stiffness, range of motion, deformity, fracture etc.) and other systems.
Laboratory tests: Your child’s doctor after examination may recommend tests to determine the type of arthritis your child has. Some of the tests that might be done include:
These are some of the tests that may be done in a child with juvenile arthritis. Your doctor will not recommend all the tests at the same time. Tests are done based on the signs and symptoms and severity of disease.
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