A rare condition in which stones made from an amino acid called cystine form in the kidney, ureter and bladder is known as cystinuria. This condition can be passed down through generations.
A person must have the faulty gene from both parents to have the symptoms of cystinuria. If you carry the faulty gene your child is also going to inherit a copy of the faulty gene from you.
When there is too much amino acid called cystine present in the urine, it leads to the condition. Once the cystine enters the kidneys, it usually dissolves and goes back into the bloodstream. However, people who suffer from a genetic defect experience a problem with this process. This causes cystine to build up in the urine and formation of crystals or stones take place. These stones can get stuck in the kidneys, ureters or bladder.
The condition is believed to affect approximately 1 in 10,000 people.
The motive of this treatment is to relieve the symptoms of the condition and to prevent more stones from forming. If the symptoms take a severe shape, they need to be admitted to a hospital. The treatment for cystinuria includes drinking of plenty of fluids, especially water, in order to produce large amounts of urine. The patient may be advised to drink at least 6-8 glasses in a day.
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